curriculum development

Criteria for selecting content in teaching and learning process


  1. Self-sufficiency: The content selected should enable students to learn and advance their knowledge on their own. Thus it should encourage self-driven learning and individual initiative in the learners as a means of actualizing their potential and crystallizing their identities.
  2. Significance: Content should contribute to the overall aims of the curriculum. It should also contribute to the meaningful learning experiences of the learners. Content should also relate to the cultural context so as to be deemed significant.
  3.  Validity: This is the authenticity of the content selected. In this time of information explosion, knowledge selected for school content can quickly become obsolete and even incorrect. This necessitates regular verification of the validity of the content in the school curriculum.
  4. Interest: The content of the curriculum must be selected with learners’ interests in mind. This is a learner-centered criterion which argues that a person will learn best that which interests him/her most. This criterion of learners’ interests must be weighted and adjusted to allow for the learners’ maturity, entry behavior, the educational and social value of their interests, and the way they are supposed to interact within society.
  5. Utility: The content selected should be useful to the learner him/herself, and, ultimately, his/her community. The content should contribute to making the person a better human being and therefore position him/her to become a proactive and productive member of die society.
  6. Learn ability: The content selected should be within the intellectual range on the intended learners.
  7.  Feasibility: Selection of content should consider the resources and other factors that will support or impede the curriculum. The most significant of such factors include: the time available, the teaching-learning resources available, the educational infrastructure in place, the competence of the current staff, the funding available, the nature of the political climate, and the existing legislation. Content selection must be done within the context of the existing reality, which usually boils down to economics and politics.