FIRST SEMESTER 2016-2017 ACADEMIC YEAR
SECOND YEAR EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF EDUCATION(ARTS & SCIENCE)
1.ANSWER QUESTION ONE AND ANY TWO QUESTIONS
2.DO NOT WRITE ON THE QUESTION PAPER
(I) Define the two terms’education’and ‘curriculum’and briefly explain how they are related.(3marks)
(II) Suggest two reasons why curriculum development theory courses are taught to education students in universities and teacher training colleges.(3marks)
(I) State and explain two main features of non-formal education .(2marks)
(II) Identify two examples of non-formal learning experiences being practiced in schools in Kenya.(2marks)
(I) What do you under by the Historical foundation of curriculum.(2marks)
(II) Highlight four aspects of the present curriculum that have been drawn from the Historical foundation of curriculum.(4marks)
(d)Briefly explain the following expressions in the context of curriculum development.
(I) Situational analysis/Need Assessment(2marks)
(II) Teaching-learning materials element of the school of curriculum(2marks)
(III) Manpower resources of curriculum implementation(2marks)
(e) Explain the following sources of curriculum objectives.
(II) The society(2marks)
(III) Subject experts specialist(2marks)
(f) Identify three disadvantages of restricted approach as a strategy of curriculum change in secondary school curriculum.(3marks)
(a) What is curriculum implementation.(1mark)
(b) Identify and explain two roles of each of the following institution s with regards to curriculum implementation at the school level.
(c) Discuss two roles teachers can play in each of the following stages of curriculum development process.
(I) Situational analysis(2marks)
(II) Piloting stage(2marks)
(a) What is the importance of evaluating learners by teachers.(5marks)
(b) State and briefly explain three factors that influence curriculum change in Kenya.(6marks)
(c) Identify any five functions of the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development(KICD).(5marks)
(d) Differentiate between formative and summative evaluations.(4marks)
(a) Explain five reasons why learner-centred curriculum design pattern is ideal for teaching in secondary schools.(10marks)
(b) State and explain five characteristics of democratic approach of curriculum.(10marks)
(a) Identify and explain five factors to be considered when selecting and organizing curriculum content.(10maarks)
(b) Identify and explain five emerging issues in contemporary Kenya society that needs to be addressed by the school curriculum.(10marks)
SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTIONS
BACHELOR OF EDUCATION ARTS SCHOOL BASED
UNIT CODE: BEDU 221 UNIT TITLE: CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT.
INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER QUESTION ONE AND ANY OTHER TWO
- a). Define the following terms ;
¡). Curriculum. (2 mks)
¡¡). Curriculum development. (2 mks)
b). Identify four components of curriculum. (4 mks)
c). Outline six ways through which sociology influences curriculum planning and development processes. (6 mks)
d). Differentiate between formative evaluation and summative evaluation. (8 mks)
e). State eight factors affecting curriculum development and planning process in Kenya. (8 mks)
- a). Explain five points to justify the functions of evaluation in education. (10 mks)
b). Discuss five ways through which philosophy influences curriculum development process. (10 mks)
- a). State and explain briefly the seven steps involved in curriculum development in Kenya. (14 mks)
b). Discuss the application of Hilda Taba”s curriculum development in Kenya. (6 mks)
- a). Explain the barriers that affect curriculum development. (14 mks)
b). Curriculum can be divided into three dimensions. State and explain each one of them. (6 mks)
- a). Discuss the following curriculum designs. (12 mks)
¡). Learner – centered design.
¡¡). Subject – centered design.
¡¡¡). Experienced curriculum.
b). Why do educators advocates for subject – based curriculum design in Kenya. (8 mks)
Answer any three questions.
1.Distinguish between the learner centered and core curriculum designs. Discuss the extent to which they are used in Kenya and explain the underlying factors that influence their application.
2.Most educationists argue that for a curriculum to be balanced various segments of the society must be considered in formulating and screening educational objectives.
Describe the various segments which should be involved and discuss the extent to which this approach has been utilized in Kenya.
3.Discuss the main factors that influence curriculum development.
4.(a) Distinguish between learning experience and learning activities.
(b) Explain the issue you would put into consideration when organizing learning experiences.
5.Discuss the importance of the various stages of curriculum implementation. To what extent are they applied in Kenya’s education system?
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2013/2014
2NDYEARS EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF EDUCATION
EAP 201: CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
Answer Question ONE and any other THREE
a)Identify the first post-Independence Kenya Education Commission and highlight its outcomes that have continued to influence the curriculum in Kenya today.(6marks)
b)State the questions which Ralph Tyler (1949) said must be answered when developing any curriculum plan.(8marks)
c)Describe the historical development of K.I.E as a curriculum development centre(11marks)
Analyze the criteria for selection and organization of the learning experiences.(15marks)
Discuss in detail how evaluation is carried out in Kenya.(15marks)
Examine how the sociological foundation of school curriculum affect the development of curriculum.(15marks)
a.)Outline the role played by Teachers Service Commission and Kenya National Examination Council in the process of curriculum development.
b.)Describe any four factors that inhibit the process of curriculum development and implementation.
Answer question one and any other two questions.
- (a) Differentiate between the following terms.
(i) Education and schooling.
(ii) Curriculum innovation and curriculum improvement.
(b) Identify three emerging issues in our society today and describe how each issue has been addressed in the current curriculum in Kenya.
(c) Discuss six phrases in the process of curriculum innovation citing suitable examples from Free Primary Education.
(d) Explain criteria used to judge the value of a Curriculum innovation.
- (a) Discussed the following sources of education objectives.
(ii) Contemporary Society.
(b) (i) Explain the term Educational screen?
(ii) Describe the importance of psychological screen of educational objectives.
- Discuss how the philosophical Foundations of Curriculum has influenced the development of curriculum in Kenya.
- (a) Explain the following concepts.
(iii) Curriculum development.
(b) Discuss three phases of curriculum evaluation and their role in instruction.
- (a) Describe the salient features of wheeler’s model of curriculum development.
(b) To what extent is wheeler’s model applicable in curriculum development in Kenya?