Psyc311 research questions


  1. (a) Explain the need for measurement and Evaluation course to all teachers. (5 marks)
    (b) Explain the following terms as used in measurement
    (i) Scale
    (ii) Assessment
    (iii) Test
    (iv) Assignment (2 marks)
    (c) The table below shows the responses of students to two multiple choice test items. The
    Students are divided into high and low groups depending on their performance. The high
    Group performed better than the low group
    Item Group Alternatives
    1         A B C D
    High   0 45 10 5
    Low   5 40 12 3
    2         A B C D
    High 1 30 20 2
    Low   12 10 18 9
    The key to both items is B.
    (i) Calculate the difficulty and discrimination indices or both items. Comment on
    the results (4 marks)
    (ii) Comment in the efficiency of the distracters. (2 marks)
    (d) Distinguish between the following concepts
    i. Measurement
    ii. Evaluation (2 marks)
    2 (a) Differentiate between the following
    (i) KNEC and KASNEB
    (ii) Educational objective and Teaching objective
    (iii) Discrimination index and Difficult index.
    (iv) Power test and Achievement test. (5 marks)
    (v) Diagnostic evaluation and placement evaluation.
    (b) Explain FIVE functions of Kenya National Examination council. (5 marks)
    (c) Outline FIVE reasons for reasons for realizing examination results all the levels of
    educationr. (5 marks)
    3(a) State FIVE important information provided by a standardized test. (5 marks)
    (b) Explain the following types of evaluation (4 marks)
    i. Formative evaluation
    ii. Summative evaluation
    (c) Explain FIVE principles of student evaluation (5 marks)
    (d) State SIX important rules for constructing a test . (6 marks)
    4 (a) Distinguishing the terms
    (i) Reliability
    (ii) Validity (2 marks)
    (b) Explain FOUR factors which affects validity and reliability of a test. (4 marks)
    (c) Compare the supply and select types of test items. (6 marks)
    (d) Describe FOUR scales of measurement giving examples in each case. (8 marks)
    5 (a) State THREE advantages of Essay test items . (3 marks)
    (b) Explain the following concepts
    (i) Cognitive domain
    (ii) Affective domain
    (iii)Psychomotor domain (3 marks)
    (c) Describe the SIX levels of Bloom’s taxonomy of cognitive skills, stating one objective in
    each case (6 marks)
    (d) Explain FOUR principles of student assessment. (8 marks)
    (a) Differentiate between measurement and evaluation as used in
    (b) Explain why objective types of questions are not appropriate in
    measuring higher order thinking skills.
    (c) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of subjective type of test
    (e) Of the 100 students in a class, 80 attempted item 3 in a multiple choice
    test. If 60 students got it right, calculate the item difficulty of item 3 items.
    (d) Explain the characteristics of a good instructional objective.
    and comment on it.
    (e)Discuss the four scales used in educational measurement test. 14Marks
    (a) Discuss the six levels of Bloom’s taxonomy.
    (b) Write an instructional objective for each level in one of your teaching
    (a) Explain the role of a table of specification during test construction.
    (b) Discuss the recommended best practices in test administration,
    (c) Discuss the ethical considerations in educational measurement and evaluation.
    (a) Explain why a test must be valid and reliable.
    (b) Explain the various ways of validating a test.
    (c) Discuss the factors that influence reliability of a test.[4Mark
    (a) Differentiate between objective and subjective types of test items.[4Mark
    (c) Explain why it’s necessary to have different types of test items in a test.(8Marks
    (b) Discuss the characteristics of essay type of test items.
    QI. (a) Using appropriate examples, distinguish between measurement,
    evaluation and tests.(4.5 marks)
    (b) Explain any seven (7) uses of measurement and evaluation in
    education.(7 marks)
    (c) Explain any six (6) unethical testing practices.(6 marks)
    Q2. (a) Explain any six (6) disadvantages of using oral tests.(6 marks)
    (b) Using relevant examples, describe four (4) types of measurement
    scales.(11.5 marks)
  2. Explain B.S. Bloom’s cognitive, affective and psychomotor taxonomy of
    educational objcctives.(17.5marks)
    Q4. Using relevant examples, discuss three measures of central tendency.(17.5 marks)
    Q5. The following in a distribution of scores obtained from Fourth Year
    Students in a CAT,
    10 14 13 15 16 12 10
    (a) Construct a scatter plot of Y against X.(7.5 marks)
    (b) Calculate Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient betwecn
    X and Y(10 marks)
  3. The following is a distribution of test scores in History Examination
    (a) Construct a simple frequeney distribution.(7.5 marks)
    (b) Calculate the arithmetic mean, mode and median from the frequency
    distribution in (a).(10 marks)
    a) Differentiate between norm-referenced test and criterion referenced test.(5 marks)
    b) Explain the purpose of evaluation in education(5 marks)
    c) Describe various ways a teacher can present examination data of students.(5 marks)
    d) Explain the importance of table of specification in evaluation.(5 marks)
    c) Explain the factors to consider when administering a test.(5 marks)
    d) Explain the challenges in education evaluation in Kenya.(5 marks)
    a) Explain the importance of various shapes of distribution which teachers use to present
    examination data.(15 marks)
    b) Dcscribe how level of measurement can be used in classroom situation.(5 marks)
    a) Discuss the methods the teacher uses to estimate reliability of a test.(15 marks)
    b) Explain the importance of classical test theory in Education measurement.(5 marks)
    a) Teacher -made tests are the major hasis for evaluating student’s progress in school. Discuss
    the evaluation instruments which can be used for effective evaluations.(16 marks)
    b) Differentiate between standardized tests and teacher- made tests.(4 marks)
    The table below indicates Kiswahili & Geography marks for form three students. The tests were scored out of 20 marks.
    Student A
    Kiswahili 16 15 14 13 13 12 12 12 11 10
    English   15 16 12 16 14 14 14 10 12 10
    i) Compute the spearman rank correlation coefficient in the above data.(10 marks)
    i) Explain the disadvantages of using spearman rank correlation coefficient. (5 marks)
    iii) Discuss the assumptions of Pearson moment correlation coefficient.(5 marks)
    1) Define the follewing terms(4 marks)
    i) Assessment
    ii) Evaluation
    iii) Achievement
    iv) Instruction
    b) Briefly explain why testing is importent in schools.(6 marks)
    c) Highlight merits and demerits of the following test formats.(6 marks)
    i) Practical examination
    ii) Essay questions
    d) Briefly deseribe the qualities of a good test.(6 marks)
    c) Distinguish between the following measurement scales
    i)Ordinal(2 marks)
    iii)Interval(2 marks)
    iv)Ratio(2 marks)
    a) Explain the significance of table of specification in edueational measurement.(10 marks)
    b) Discuss the relevance of norm referenced and criterion referenced measurement in Kenya
    education syslem.(10 marks)
    Discuss the five principles of evaluation.(20 marks)
    Discuss the relevance of the following classes of evaluation in the Kenyan education curricular.
    i) Placement evaluation
    ii) Formative evaluation(5 marks)
    iii) Diagnostic evaluation(5 marks)
    iv) Summative evaluation(5 marks)
    Deseribe the historical development of measuring instruments.(20 marks)
    a)Differentiate the following terms as used in education:
    i) Measurement and evaluation.
    ii) Achievement and aptitude tests.(4 marks)
    b) State five advantages of matching test items.(5 marks)
    c) Outline the common faults in test construction.(5 marks)
    d) Explain the four levels of measurement.(4 marks)
    c) State the components of goud measurement objectives.(4 marks)
    d) State advantages of educational measuremnents to the teacher.(3 marks)
    e) Explain the factors which affect test reliability.(5 marks)
    a) The following are raw scores of students in English test out of 30 marks.
    20 10 19 15 19 13 13 19 14 11 17 11 18 20 10 12 16 11 15 17 16 19 18 17 15 16 12 15 10 17 18 20 12 14
    i) Using a suitable class interval prepare a frequency distribution table for the above
    data.(5 marks)
    ii) Use the frequency distribution in a (i) above to calculate the mean mark and the
    median mark.(6 marks)
    b) Highlight the properties of mean as a measure of central tendency.
    c) Outline six consideration a teacher should put in place when preparing a marking scheme.(6 marks)
    a) State the varieties of:
    (i) Truc-false items(4 marks)
    (ii) Essay test.(4 marks)
    b) Explain any four reasons to support the use of objective test items in classroom testing.(4 marks)
    c) Explain steps in educational measurements and show problems encountered in each step.(8 marks)
    a) Explain the various types of evaluation applied in teaching and learning. (5 marks)
    b)Explain five steps necessary for the development of a balanced lest.(5 marks)
    c) Define and state five importance of preparing table of specification in test item writing.(5 marks)
    d) Explain five measures the teacher should put in place during test administration.(5 marks)
    a)Distinguish between reliability and validity
    used in educational measurement and
    evaluation.(2 marks)
    b)List and explain four methods for estimating test reliability.(8 marks)
    c)State the importance of writing instructional objectives in teaching and learning.(4 marks)
    d)Explain the six levels of the cognitive domain in the taxonomy of education objectives.(6 marks
    Define following terms:
    (a) Assessment( 2marks)
    (b) Evaluation( 2marks),
    (c) Measurement(2marks)
    (d) Explain the importance of educational measurement and evaluation ( 8marks)
    (e) Describe the five main factors that a teacher needs to consider in designing a test(10marks)
    (f) Differentiate between the two types of test items ( 6marks)
    Below is information from Milan Stores Ltd on sale of three products between 2010-2013. Use
    the information to answer the questions that follows.
    (a) Draw a component bar graph to represent the above data.( 6marks)
    (b) Draw a pie-charl to represent the above statistics(ómarks)
    (c) What advantages have pie-chart over bar graphs?( 4marks)
    (d) Distinguish between a variable and a parameter.(4marks)
    The following were marks obtained in a History class in Leeds school.
    (a) State the mode.(2marks)
    (b)Find the median.(4 marks)
    (e)Use the information above to prepare a frequency distribution table(5marks)
    (d)Calculate the arithmetic mean.(4 murks)
    (e)Calculate the standard deviation.(5marks)
    (e)State five properties of the normal curve.(5marks)
    (b)Determine the following in reference to the standard normal curve, use diagrams.
    i. Zifthe area between it and Z-0 is 0.3749.(4 marks)
    ii. Area below Z--1(4 marks)
    iii.Area between Z-2.21 and Z- 1.96(4 marks)
    iii.Identify which level of Blaoms' Taxonomy each of the following items fall in.
    (a)Who wrole St, Lukes gospel?(1mark)
    (b)Find the coefficient of x'y in the expression (x-y).(10mark)
    (c)Discuss the causes of cheating in national axaminations.(10mark)
    (a)Discuss the advantages of using multiple choice items.(10marks)
    (b)Describe how you will minimize cases of cheating in national examinations. (10marks)