SHUM EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH REVISION QUESTIONS

MASENO UNIVERSITY

    1. a). Define the following terms;
      ¡). Research. (2 mks)
      ¡¡). Variable.(2 mks)
      ¡¡¡). Data. (2 mks)
      b). Differentiate between the following terms;
      ¡). Everyday ways of knowing and scientific method. (2 mks)
      ¡¡). Alternative and null hypothesis. (2 mks)
      ¡¡¡). Basic and applied research. (5 mks)
      c). Explain four no-scientific methods of acquiring knowledge. (8 mks)
      d). State five objectives of carrying out research. (5 mks)
      e). Highlight five data collection instruments in quantitative and qualitative research. (5 mks)
    2. a). Describe the process of research in education. (10 mks)
      b). What is the importance of carrying out literature review for study? (10 mks)
    3. a). Explain the main features of qualitative research paradigm. (10 mks)
      b). Discuss five probability sampling techniques in research methods. (10 mks)
    4. a). Describe the criteria of a good research problem. (10 mks)
      b). Explain the steps followed when conducting a casual – comparative research design. (10 mks)
    5. You have been called upon to investigate on the impacts of drug abuse on the student”s performance in public secondary schools in Thika District. Explain ethical issues you would put into consideration. (20 mks)



CHUKA UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS

    1. (a) State four reasons why researchers undertake educational research. [4 marks]
      (b) Briefly explain two types of educational research based on philosophical foundation. [6 marks]
    2. (a) Outline four ethical issues that must be observed in educational research.
      [4 marks]
      (b) Highlight any three critical conditions that must be considered when selecting
      a research problem. [6 marks]
    3. (a) Define the term hypothesis and give an example stated in null format.
      [4 marks]
      (b) State six qualities of a good hypothesis. [6 marks]
    4. (a) Distinguish between the following pairs of terms as applied in educational
      Research:
      (i) Pretest-post test and time series research designs. [4 marks]
      (ii) Variable and attribute. [4 marks]
      (b) Explain four reasons why it is important to conduct literature review in research.
      [12 marks]
    5. (a) Briefly explicate four essential conditions of a good sample. [8 marks]
      (b) Discuss any three probability sampling methods that can be adopted in educational research. [12 marks]



KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Question 1

a) Describe the following giving examples
i) Nominal scale
ii) Ordinal scale
iii) Ratio scale
iv) Equal – interval scale (12marks)
b) Distinguish between probability and non – probability sampling designs giving examples of each. (8marks)

Question 2

Briefly discuss the differences between quantitative and qualitative research in terms of: design of study, sample selection, type of data, instruments and tools and data analysis. (20marks)

Question 3

a) Briefly explain the differences between exploratory and confirmatory educational research studies (8marks)
b) List four typical weaknesses that are found in a questionnaire and explain how they can be eliminated (12marks)

Question 4

a) Explain four criteria for a good scientific hypothesis (8marks)
b) Briefly explain the six stages in the research process (12marks)

Question 5

List the sections of research proposal and describe the topics covered in each section. (20marks)

MASENO UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS

EDU: S0L RESEARCH METHODS IN EDUCATION
INSTRUCTIONS:Answer ANY THREE questions
1a) Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative research paradigms.(10 marks)
b) Outline the advantages and limitations of a case study research design.( 10 marks)

Like all research that involves human subjects, the survey researcher
needs to consider the ethical manner in which the research is carried out.
Comment on this.(20 marks)

Describe the key qualities expected from an effective literature revive in a
reseurch propusul.(20 marks)

Briefly elaborate on the following sampling techniques:
a Convenience sampling
b) Cluster sampling(4 marks)
c) Purposive sampling(4 marks)
d) Systematic sampling( 4marks)
e) Stratified sampling(4 marks)

KISII UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS

Do not write anything on this question paper.



Answer question ONE and any other TWO.

QUESTION ONE

a) Briefly outline and discuss what is contained in the three chapters of a
research proposal.[15marks]
b) Research is important in a society. Discuss this statement using five
reasons.[10marks)
c) Briefly discuss the four variables of a research proposal.[5marks)

QUESTION TWO

a) Discuss ten roles of educational research in the development of education
in Kenya.[10marks]
b) Explain four reasons why research instruments are important in any
research.(8marks)
c) State the universal definition of research. 2marks

QUESTION THREE

With relevant examples discuss five ways in which research can be used to
oppress the society(20marks]

CHUKA UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS

(a) Distinguish between;
(i) Descriptive and inferential statistics. [2 marks]
(ii) Population and sample [2 marks]
(iii) Parameter and statistics [2 marks]
(b) Highlight six reasons why researchers conduct educational research.[6 marks]
(c) Briefly explain four scales of measurements applied in statistics. [12 marks]

(a) Outline the typical stages in research. [5 marks](b) Give five reasons why thorough literature review should be undertaken in educational research. [5 marks]
(c) Briefly explain the steps followed when testing hypothesis. [10 marks]

(a) Discuss any four probability sampling methods. [16 marks]
(b) Fifty students in a class were asked to indicate the number of books each had read in a particular year. The results are shown in the following frequency distribution table.
No. of books 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
No. of students 5 5 6 9 11 7 4 2 1
Calculate (i) Mean number of books per students [4 marks]
(ii) Range [2 marks]
(iii) Standard deviation [4 marks]

MASENO UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS

BACHELOR OF EDUCATION
UNIT TITLE: RESEARCH METHODS IN EDUCATION
UNIT CODE: EBCU001
MAIN EXAM
2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS :ANSWER QUESTION ONE AND ANY OTHER TWO QUESTIONS.



a) Define the following terms as used in research. (10 marks)
i)Theoretical framework
ii) Independent variable
iii) Parameters
iv) Research topic
v) Sampling
b) Briefly discuss five purposes of a research. (10 marks)
C)Enumerate and discuss five reasons why the researcher should carefully select the sample to study
while carrying our research. (10 marks)

a) Highlight and describe seven guidelines for conducting a good interview. (14 marks)
b) Explain the characteristics of a qualitative research methods. (6 marks)

a)Explain five principles that guide a researcher when selecting a research instrument. [10marks)
b) Enumerate and briefly explain five major threats to internal validity. (10 marks)

Outline and briefly describe the limitation of a research study. (20 marks)

a) Explain five challenges faced by a researcher in a specific objectives formulation. (10marks)
b) Briefly describe steps involved in the reliability split half technique. (10 marks

MKU UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS

QUESTION ONE

a) Define the following terms as used in qualitative research:
i)Reliability(2 marks)
i)Triangulation(2 marks)
b) Distinguish between the following terms as used in qualitative research:
i)Epistemology and ontology(4 marks)
ii)Random sampling and snowball/chain sampling(4 marks)
iii)Structured and semi-structured interview(4 marks)
iv)Theoretical framework and conceptual framework(4 marks)
v)Research methodology and research method(4 marks)
c) Briefly describe any three typical characteristics of qualitative research(6 marks)

QUESTION TWO

EITHER
Discuss any five strategies of ensuring rigor in qualitative research(20 marks)
OR
Describe the key ethical considerations that a researcher has to keep in mind when collecting,
analyzing, interpreting and publishing research data related to human beings.(20 marks)

QUESTION THREE

Discuss any four methods of data collection in educational rescarch(20 marks)

QUESTION FOUR

All qualitative research is value-laden. Argue in support of this claim and describe its
implications for qualitative research practice.(20 marks)


QUESTION FIVE

Describe the following philosophical worldviews, showing clearly how they influence the
research process:
i)Social constructivism(8 marks)
ii)Pragmatism(6 marks)
ii)Postpositivism(6 marks)