Urbanization research questions

Urbanization

CHUKA UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS
FOURTH YEAR EXAMINATION FOR THE AWARD OF
BACHELOR OF EDUCATION (PRIMARY)

PGEO 421: URBANIZATION

STREAMS: L4B1 TIME: 2 HOURS

DAY/DATE: TUESDAY 20/8/2013 2.30 PM – 4.30 PM

INSTRUCTIONS:

• Answer Question ONE and any other TWO Questions.
• Sketch maps and diagrams should be used whenever they serve to illustrate an answer.

  1. (a) Define the following concepts
    (i) Urbanization [2 marks]
    (ii) Informal settlements [2 marks]
    (iii) Urban agriculture [2 marks]
    (iv) Urban primacy [2 marks]
    (b) Explain any five factors that cause rapid urbanization in Africa. [10 marks]
    (c) State and explain briefly any six characteristics of primate cities in developing countries. [12 marks]



2.Discuss briefly the application of the sector model in urban planning and urban land use. [20 marks]

3.(a) Examine the role of urbanization in agricultural production in Kenya.
[10 marks]

(b)Explain briefly how the urban heat islands in urban areas can be mitigated.
[10 marks]

4.(a) Examine the role of urban agriculture in the sustainability of the urban ecosystem. [10 marks]

(b) Using specific examples, explain any five differences between an urban and a rural area in Kenya. [10 marks]

5.(a) Discuss any five transportation problems in the Kenyan urban areas.
[10 marks]

(b)Upgrading of informal settlements in Kenya is taking a slow pace. Discuss.
[10 marks]

JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY


University Examinations 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE IN DEVELOPMENT STUDIES/PUBLIC
MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
HDS 2301: URBANIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT
DATE: DECEMBER, 2018 TIME: 1 ½ HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER QUESTION ONE (COMPULSORY) AND ANY OTHER TWO QUESTIONS


QUESTION ONE: 30 MARKS
a. Explain the phenomena of urbanization, including pri-urban centres,metropolis and the emergence of mega-cities. (10 marks)
b. Critically discuss any four causes of urbanization and four suggested
solutions to be challenge of urbanization. (20 marks)



QUESTION TWO: 20 MARKS
Analyze any four of the major global trends and projections in the phenomenon of
urbanization.

QUESTION THREE: 20 MARKS
a. What are some of the major traits or characteristics of slums. (10 marks)
b. What four elements do you consider critical in resolving the problems of slums. (10 marks)

QUESTION FOUR: 20 MARKS
Evaluate the structural change theory of development and discuss how it has contributed to the growth of urbanization.

QUESTION FIVE: 20 MARKS
With illustrations examine the debate on the interrelationship between urbanization and human development

CHUKA UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS
CHUKA AND EMBU CAMPUSES

EXAMINATION FOR THE AWARD OF DIPLOMA IN COMMMUNITY

DEVELOPMENT
CDEV 0263: URBANIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT
STREAMS: DIP COM-DEV Y1S1 TIME: 2 HOURS
DAY/DATE: FRIDAY 8/12/2017 11.30 A.M – 1.30 P.M.
INSTRUCTIONS:
• Question ONE in Section 1 is COMPULSORY
• Answer any other TWO Questions in Section 2
• Do not write on the question paper

SECTION 1
QUESTION ONE (COMPULSORY)


(a) With illustrations, distinguish between urbanization and urbanism. [5 Marks]
(b) Discuss reasons for the dominance of middle aged people in the city of Nairobi and its impact to development. [5 Marks]



(c) Analyze factors that account for the fertility differentials in the cities of developing countries.[10 Marks]
(d) In relation to Community Development, define migrant selectivity and examine its features.
[10 Marks]

SECTION 2
QUESTION TWO


Discuss in detail various characteristics of urban life and their influence in development process.
[20 Marks]

QUESTION THREE


(a) Narrate the evolutionary process of urbanization from the early 19th century to the present
comparing major differences between developing and developed countries. [10 Marks]

Page 2 of 2

(b) The rapid growth of cities during 19th- 20th century is often referred to as urban revolution.
Discuss at least five features that accompanied their revolution.

QUESTION FOUR



(a) The term urban settlement has been defined differently based on various categories.
Elaborate at least four categories of such definitions. [8 Marks]
(b) Give the comparison of the urbanization process between Africa and Western Countries.
[12 Marks]

Qiestion Five


(a) Highlight the push and pull factors of urbanization in any city of a developing county.
[10 Marks]
(b) Describe both the positive and negative consequences of rapid urbanization in cities of low
developed countries like Kampala. [10 Marks]
………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Question Four


(a) The term urban settlement has been defined differently based on various categories.
Elaborate at least four categories of such definitions. [8 Marks]
(b) Give the comparison of the urbanization process between Africa and Western Countries.
[12 Marks]



Question Five


(a) Highlight the push and pull factors of urbanization in any city of a developing county.
[10 Marks]
(b) Describe both the positive and negative consequences of rapid urbanization in cities of low developed countries like Kampala. [10 Marks]
………………………………………………………………………………………………………